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COSW.258
» Citation URL: http://vegbank.org/cite/VB.Ob.25878.COSW258
» Citing info
Plot ID Fields: 
Author Plot Code ? COSW.258
Author Observation Code ? COSW.258
Location Fields: MAP: Google | Yahoo | TopoZone | MapQuest
Confidentiality Status ? exact location
Latitude ? 33.811844418 º
Longitude ? -80.759625473 º
Author Location ? COSW
State or Province ? South Carolina
Country ? United States
Named Places
area|country|territory: United States
region|state|province: South Carolina
quadrangle: Gadsden
Layout Fields: 
Shape ? Rectangular
Area ? 1000
Permanence ? permanent plot
Environment Fields: 
Topographic Position ? Low level
Landform ? backwater
Surficial Deposits ? Alluvial Deposits: Alluvial Fan
Soil Drainage ? poorly drained
Water Salinity ? Freshwater
Methods Fields: 
Observation Start Date ? 30-Sep-1996
Observation End Date ? 30-Sep-1996
Project ? Congaree Swamp National Monument
Cover Method ? COSW Cover Method
Stratum Method ? National Park Service
Stem Size Limit ? 10 cm
Taxon Observation Area ? 1000
Overall Taxon Cover Values are Automatically Calculated? ? yes
Stem Observation Area ? 1000
Plot Quality Fields: 
Plot Validation Level ? (2) classification plot: sufficient for inclusion in a classification revision
Overall Plot Vegetation Fields: 
--no data--
Misc Fields: 
--no data--
Taxa occurring on this plot-observation
Change plant label:
Change Strata Shown:
ord Author Plant Name ?Original Interpretation, full Scientific Name ?Original Interpretation, Scientific Name without authors ?Original Interpretation, Common Name ?Original Interpretation, USDA Code ?Current Interpretation, full Scientific Name ?Current Interpretation, Scientific Name without authors ?Current Interpretation, Common Name ?Current Interpretation, USDA Code ? Stratum ?Cover ?Original Cover Code ?Basal Area ?Biomass ?Inference Area ? Stems: Stem Diameters (graphically):
1 Quercus lyrata Walt. Quercus lyrata Walt. Quercus lyrata overcup oak Quercus lyrata Walt. **   Quercus lyrata Walt. Quercus lyrata overcup oak Quercus lyrata Walt. **   Canopy
0 %
1      
DBH ?DBH err ?Ht. ?Ht. Err ?# ?
12.5 cm       1 stem(s)
17.5 cm       1 stem(s)
17.5 cm       1 stem(s)
37.5 cm       1 stem(s)
49 cm       1 stem(s)
59 cm       1 stem(s)
72 cm       1 stem(s)
stem stem stem stem stem stem stem
2 Quercus phellos L. Quercus phellos L. Quercus phellos willow oak Quercus phellos L. **   Quercus phellos L. Quercus phellos willow oak Quercus phellos L. **   Canopy
0 %
1      
DBH ?DBH err ?Ht. ?Ht. Err ?# ?
22.5 cm       1 stem(s)
37.5 cm       1 stem(s)
60 cm       1 stem(s)
stem stem stem
3 Taxodium distichum (L.) L.C. Rich. Taxodium distichum (L.) L.C. Rich. Taxodium distichum bald cypress Taxodium distichum (L.) L.C. Rich. **   Taxodium distichum (L.) L.C. Rich. Taxodium distichum bald cypress Taxodium distichum (L.) L.C. Rich. **   Canopy
0 %
1      
DBH ?DBH err ?Ht. ?Ht. Err ?# ?
17.5 cm       1 stem(s)
stem
4 Planera aquatica J.F. Gmel. Planera aquatica J.F. Gmel. Planera aquatica planertree Planera aquatica J.F. Gmel. **   Planera aquatica J.F. Gmel. Planera aquatica planertree Planera aquatica J.F. Gmel. **   Canopy
0 %
1      
DBH ?DBH err ?Ht. ?Ht. Err ?# ?
17.5 cm       1 stem(s)
17.5 cm       1 stem(s)
stem stem
5 Liquidambar styraciflua L. Liquidambar styraciflua L. Liquidambar styraciflua sweetgum Liquidambar styraciflua L. **   Liquidambar styraciflua L. Liquidambar styraciflua sweetgum Liquidambar styraciflua L. **   Canopy
0 %
1      
DBH ?DBH err ?Ht. ?Ht. Err ?# ?
12.5 cm       1 stem(s)
45 cm       1 stem(s)
45 cm       1 stem(s)
stem stem stem
6 Fraxinus pennsylvanica Marsh. Fraxinus pennsylvanica Marsh. Fraxinus pennsylvanica green ash Fraxinus pennsylvanica Marsh. **   Fraxinus pennsylvanica Marsh. Fraxinus pennsylvanica green ash Fraxinus pennsylvanica Marsh. **   Canopy
0 %
1      
DBH ?DBH err ?Ht. ?Ht. Err ?# ?
32.5 cm       1 stem(s)
stem
7 Ulmus americana L. Ulmus americana L. Ulmus americana American elm Ulmus americana L. **   Ulmus americana L. Ulmus americana American elm Ulmus americana L. **   Canopy
0 %
1      
DBH ?DBH err ?Ht. ?Ht. Err ?# ?
17.5 cm       1 stem(s)
17.5 cm       1 stem(s)
stem stem
8 Acer rubrum L. Acer rubrum L. Acer rubrum red maple Acer rubrum L. **   Acer rubrum L. Acer rubrum red maple Acer rubrum L. **   Sub-Canopy
37.5 %
4      
DBH ?DBH err ?Ht. ?Ht. Err ?# ?
12.5 cm       1 stem(s)
12.5 cm       1 stem(s)
12.5 cm       1 stem(s)
12.5 cm       1 stem(s)
12.5 cm       1 stem(s)
12.5 cm       1 stem(s)
12.5 cm       1 stem(s)
12.5 cm       1 stem(s)
12.5 cm       1 stem(s)
12.5 cm       1 stem(s)
12.5 cm       1 stem(s)
12.5 cm       1 stem(s)
12.5 cm       1 stem(s)
17.5 cm       1 stem(s)
17.5 cm       1 stem(s)
17.5 cm       1 stem(s)
17.5 cm       1 stem(s)
22.5 cm       1 stem(s)
22.5 cm       1 stem(s)
22.5 cm       1 stem(s)
27.5 cm       1 stem(s)
27.5 cm       1 stem(s)
37.5 cm       1 stem(s)
37.5 cm       1 stem(s)
37.5 cm       1 stem(s)
stem stem stem stem stem stem stem stem stem stem stem stem stem stem stem stem stem stem stem stem stem stem stem stem stem
9 Quercus laurifolia Michx. Quercus laurifolia Michx. Quercus laurifolia laurel oak Quercus laurifolia Michx. **   Quercus laurifolia Michx. Quercus laurifolia laurel oak Quercus laurifolia Michx. **   Sub-Canopy
0 %
1      
DBH ?DBH err ?Ht. ?Ht. Err ?# ?
12.5 cm       1 stem(s)
12.5 cm       1 stem(s)
12.5 cm       1 stem(s)
12.5 cm       1 stem(s)
12.5 cm       1 stem(s)
12.5 cm       1 stem(s)
12.5 cm       1 stem(s)
12.5 cm       1 stem(s)
12.5 cm       1 stem(s)
17.5 cm       1 stem(s)
17.5 cm       1 stem(s)
17.5 cm       1 stem(s)
17.5 cm       1 stem(s)
17.5 cm       1 stem(s)
22.5 cm       1 stem(s)
22.5 cm       1 stem(s)
stem stem stem stem stem stem stem stem stem stem stem stem stem stem stem stem
10 Quercus lyrata Walt. Quercus lyrata Walt. Quercus lyrata overcup oak Quercus lyrata Walt. **   Quercus lyrata Walt. Quercus lyrata overcup oak Quercus lyrata Walt. **   Sub-Canopy
0 %
1       -none-
11 Carya aquatica (Michx. f.) Nutt. Carya aquatica (Michx. f.) Nutt. Carya aquatica water hickory Carya aquatica (Michx. f.) Nutt. **   Carya aquatica (Michx. f.) Nutt. Carya aquatica water hickory Carya aquatica (Michx. f.) Nutt. **   Sub-Canopy
0 %
1      
DBH ?DBH err ?Ht. ?Ht. Err ?# ?
27.5 cm       1 stem(s)
stem
12 Ulmus alata Michx. Ulmus alata Michx. Ulmus alata winged elm Ulmus alata Michx. **   Ulmus alata Michx. Ulmus alata winged elm Ulmus alata Michx. **   Sub-Canopy
0 %
1       -none-
13 Ilex decidua Walt. Ilex decidua Walt. Ilex decidua possumhaw Ilex decidua Walt. **   Ilex decidua Walt. Ilex decidua possumhaw Ilex decidua Walt. **   Sub-Canopy
0 %
1       -none-
14 Sabal minor (Jacq.) Pers. Sabal minor (Jacq.) Pers. Sabal minor dwarf palmetto Sabal minor (Jacq.) Pers. **   Sabal minor (Jacq.) Pers. Sabal minor dwarf palmetto Sabal minor (Jacq.) Pers. **   Tall Shrub
17.5 %
3       -none-
15 Acer rubrum L. Acer rubrum L. Acer rubrum red maple Acer rubrum L. **   Acer rubrum L. Acer rubrum red maple Acer rubrum L. **   Tall Shrub
17.5 %
3       -none-
16 Arundinaria gigantea (Walt.) Muhl. Arundinaria gigantea (Walt.) Muhl. Arundinaria gigantea giant cane Arundinaria gigantea (Walt.) Muhl. **   Arundinaria gigantea (Walt.) Muhl. Arundinaria gigantea giant cane Arundinaria gigantea (Walt.) Muhl. **   Tall Shrub
17.5 %
3       -none-
17 Quercus laurifolia Michx. Quercus laurifolia Michx. Quercus laurifolia laurel oak Quercus laurifolia Michx. **   Quercus laurifolia Michx. Quercus laurifolia laurel oak Quercus laurifolia Michx. **   Tall Shrub
5.5 %
2       -none-
18 Ilex decidua Walt. Ilex decidua Walt. Ilex decidua possumhaw Ilex decidua Walt. **   Ilex decidua Walt. Ilex decidua possumhaw Ilex decidua Walt. **   Tall Shrub
5.5 %
2       -none-
19 Ampelopsis arborea (L.) Koehne Ampelopsis arborea (L.) Koehne Ampelopsis arborea peppervine Ampelopsis arborea (L.) Koehne **   Ampelopsis arborea (L.) Koehne Ampelopsis arborea peppervine Ampelopsis arborea (L.) Koehne **   Vine/Liana
5.5 %
2       -none-
20 Smilax tamnoides L. Smilax tamnoides L. Smilax tamnoides bristly greenbrier Smilax tamnoides L. **   Smilax tamnoides L. Smilax tamnoides bristly greenbrier Smilax tamnoides L. **   Vine/Liana
5.5 %
2       -none-
21 Quercus laurifolia Michx. Quercus laurifolia Michx. Quercus laurifolia laurel oak Quercus laurifolia Michx. **   Quercus laurifolia Michx. Quercus laurifolia laurel oak Quercus laurifolia Michx. **   Short Shrub
5.5 %
2       -none-
22 Ilex decidua Walt. Ilex decidua Walt. Ilex decidua possumhaw Ilex decidua Walt. **   Ilex decidua Walt. Ilex decidua possumhaw Ilex decidua Walt. **   Short Shrub
5.5 %
2       -none-
23 Arundinaria gigantea (Walt.) Muhl. Arundinaria gigantea (Walt.) Muhl. Arundinaria gigantea giant cane Arundinaria gigantea (Walt.) Muhl. **   Arundinaria gigantea (Walt.) Muhl. Arundinaria gigantea giant cane Arundinaria gigantea (Walt.) Muhl. **   Short Shrub
5.5 %
2       -none-
24 Acer rubrum L. Acer rubrum L. Acer rubrum red maple Acer rubrum L. **   Acer rubrum L. Acer rubrum red maple Acer rubrum L. **   Short Shrub
0.5 %
1       -none-
25 Crataegus L. Crataegus L. Crataegus hawthorn Crataegus L. **   Crataegus L. Crataegus hawthorn Crataegus L. **   Short Shrub
0.5 %
1       -none-
26 Carex joorii Bailey Carex joorii Bailey Carex joorii cypress swamp sedge Carex joorii Bailey **   Carex joorii Bailey Carex joorii cypress swamp sedge Carex joorii Bailey **   Herbaceous
37.5 %
4       -none-
27 Boehmeria cylindrica (L.) Sw. Boehmeria cylindrica (L.) Sw. Boehmeria cylindrica smallspike false nettle Boehmeria cylindrica (L.) Sw. **   Boehmeria cylindrica (L.) Sw. Boehmeria cylindrica smallspike false nettle Boehmeria cylindrica (L.) Sw. **   Herbaceous
5.5 %
2       -none-
28 Carex intumescens Rudge Carex intumescens Rudge Carex intumescens greater bladder sedge Carex intumescens Rudge **   Carex intumescens Rudge Carex intumescens greater bladder sedge Carex intumescens Rudge **   Herbaceous
5.5 %
2       -none-
29 Carex lupulina Muhl. ex Willd. Carex lupulina Muhl. ex Willd. Carex lupulina hop sedge Carex lupulina Muhl. ex Willd. **   Carex lupulina Muhl. ex Willd. Carex lupulina hop sedge Carex lupulina Muhl. ex Willd. **   Herbaceous
5.5 %
2       -none-
30 Commelina virginica L. Commelina virginica L. Commelina virginica Virginia dayflower Commelina virginica L. **   Commelina virginica L. Commelina virginica Virginia dayflower Commelina virginica L. **   Herbaceous
0.5 %
1       -none-
This table is SORTABLE. Click the headers to sort ascending and descending.

Stratum Definitions:
Stratum Type ?Stratum Base ?Stratum Height ?Stratum Cover ?
Dwarf Shrub      
Emergent      
Canopy   30 m 4 %
Vine/Liana   5 m 1 %
Sub-Canopy   25 m 3 %
Epiphyte      
Nonvascular      
Herbaceous   0.5 m 3 %
Tall Shrub   5 m 2 %
Short Shrub   0.5 m 1 %
This table is SORTABLE. Click the headers to sort ascending and descending.
Observation Contributors:
Party ?Role ?
Landaal, Sally Plot author
Gaddy, Chick Plot author
Community Classification:
No communties have been assigned to this plot.


Soil Observations:
Soil Horizon ?Soil Depth Top ?Soil Depth Bottom ?Soil Color ?Soil Organic ?Soil Texture ?Soil Sand ?Soil Silt ?Soil Clay ?Soil Coarse ?Soil PH ?Exchange Capacity ?Base Saturation ?Soil Description ?
unknown         Silty Clay                


User Defined Values
No User Defined Data for this plot