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COSW.109
» Citation URL: http://vegbank.org/cite/VB.Ob.25885.COSW109
» Citing info
Plot ID Fields: 
Author Plot Code ? COSW.109
Author Observation Code ? COSW.109
Location Fields: MAP: Google | Yahoo | TopoZone | MapQuest
Confidentiality Status ? exact location
Latitude ? 33.795032904 º
Longitude ? -80.71393325 º
Author Location ? COSW
State or Province ? South Carolina
Country ? United States
Named Places
area|country|territory: United States
region|state|province: South Carolina
quadrangle: Wateree
Layout Fields: 
Shape ? Rectangular
Area ? 1000
Permanence ? permanent plot
Environment Fields: 
Slope Aspect ? 0 º
Slope Gradient ? 0 º
Topographic Position ? Low level
Landform ? alluvial flat
Surficial Deposits ? Alluvial Deposits: Alluvial Fan
Soil Drainage ? poorly drained
Water Salinity ? Freshwater
Methods Fields: 
Observation Start Date ? 17-Jul-1996
Observation End Date ? 17-Jul-1996
Project ? Congaree Swamp National Monument
Cover Method ? COSW Cover Method
Stratum Method ? National Park Service
Stem Size Limit ? 10 cm
Taxon Observation Area ? 1000
Overall Taxon Cover Values are Automatically Calculated? ? yes
Stem Observation Area ? 1000
Plot Quality Fields: 
Plot Validation Level ? (2) classification plot: sufficient for inclusion in a classification revision
Overall Plot Vegetation Fields: 
--no data--
Misc Fields: 
--no data--
Taxa occurring on this plot-observation
Change plant label:
Change Strata Shown:
ord Author Plant Name ?Original Interpretation, full Scientific Name ?Original Interpretation, Scientific Name without authors ?Original Interpretation, Common Name ?Original Interpretation, USDA Code ?Current Interpretation, full Scientific Name ?Current Interpretation, Scientific Name without authors ?Current Interpretation, Common Name ?Current Interpretation, USDA Code ? Stratum ?Cover ?Original Cover Code ?Basal Area ?Biomass ?Inference Area ? Stems: Stem Diameters (graphically):
1 Acer rubrum L. Acer rubrum L. Acer rubrum red maple Acer rubrum L. **   Acer rubrum L. Acer rubrum red maple Acer rubrum L. **   Canopy
5.5 %
2      
DBH ?DBH err ?Ht. ?Ht. Err ?# ?
12.5 cm       1 stem(s)
12.5 cm       1 stem(s)
stem stem
2 Taxodium distichum (L.) L.C. Rich. Taxodium distichum (L.) L.C. Rich. Taxodium distichum bald cypress Taxodium distichum (L.) L.C. Rich. **   Taxodium distichum (L.) L.C. Rich. Taxodium distichum bald cypress Taxodium distichum (L.) L.C. Rich. **   Canopy
0 %
1      
DBH ?DBH err ?Ht. ?Ht. Err ?# ?
12.5 cm       1 stem(s)
17.5 cm       1 stem(s)
22.5 cm       1 stem(s)
stem stem stem
3 Fraxinus caroliniana P. Mill. Fraxinus caroliniana P. Mill. Fraxinus caroliniana Carolina ash Fraxinus caroliniana P. Mill. **   Fraxinus caroliniana P. Mill. Fraxinus caroliniana Carolina ash Fraxinus caroliniana P. Mill. **   Canopy
0 %
1       -none-
4 Nyssa biflora Walt. Nyssa biflora Walt. Nyssa biflora swamp tupelo Nyssa biflora Walt. **   Nyssa biflora Walt. Nyssa biflora swamp tupelo Nyssa biflora Walt. **   Canopy
0 %
1      
DBH ?DBH err ?Ht. ?Ht. Err ?# ?
27.5 cm       1 stem(s)
27.5 cm       1 stem(s)
32.5 cm       1 stem(s)
stem stem stem
5 Nyssa biflora Walt. Nyssa biflora Walt. Nyssa biflora swamp tupelo Nyssa biflora Walt. **   Nyssa biflora Walt. Nyssa biflora swamp tupelo Nyssa biflora Walt. **   Sub-Canopy
0 %
1      
DBH ?DBH err ?Ht. ?Ht. Err ?# ?
49 cm       1 stem(s)
stem
6 Taxodium distichum (L.) L.C. Rich. Taxodium distichum (L.) L.C. Rich. Taxodium distichum bald cypress Taxodium distichum (L.) L.C. Rich. **   Taxodium distichum (L.) L.C. Rich. Taxodium distichum bald cypress Taxodium distichum (L.) L.C. Rich. **   Sub-Canopy
0 %
1      
DBH ?DBH err ?Ht. ?Ht. Err ?# ?
53 cm       1 stem(s)
stem
7 Fraxinus pennsylvanica Marsh. Fraxinus pennsylvanica Marsh. Fraxinus pennsylvanica green ash Fraxinus pennsylvanica Marsh. **   Fraxinus pennsylvanica Marsh. Fraxinus pennsylvanica green ash Fraxinus pennsylvanica Marsh. **   Sub-Canopy
0 %
1      
DBH ?DBH err ?Ht. ?Ht. Err ?# ?
12.5 cm       1 stem(s)
stem
8 Fraxinus caroliniana P. Mill. Fraxinus caroliniana P. Mill. Fraxinus caroliniana Carolina ash Fraxinus caroliniana P. Mill. **   Fraxinus caroliniana P. Mill. Fraxinus caroliniana Carolina ash Fraxinus caroliniana P. Mill. **   Tall Shrub
5.5 %
2       -none-
9 Quercus laurifolia Michx. Quercus laurifolia Michx. Quercus laurifolia laurel oak Quercus laurifolia Michx. **   Quercus laurifolia Michx. Quercus laurifolia laurel oak Quercus laurifolia Michx. **   Tall Shrub
0.5 %
1       -none-
10 Morus rubra L. Morus rubra L. Morus rubra red mulberry Morus rubra L. **   Morus rubra L. Morus rubra red mulberry Morus rubra L. **   Tall Shrub
0.5 %
1       -none-
11 Celtis laevigata Willd. Celtis laevigata Willd. Celtis laevigata sugarberry Celtis laevigata Willd. **   Celtis laevigata Willd. Celtis laevigata sugarberry Celtis laevigata Willd. **   Tall Shrub
0.5 %
1       -none-
12 Nyssa aquatica L. Nyssa aquatica L. Nyssa aquatica water tupelo Nyssa aquatica L. **   Nyssa aquatica L. Nyssa aquatica water tupelo Nyssa aquatica L. **   Tall Shrub
0.5 %
1       -none-
13 Cephalanthus occidentalis L. Cephalanthus occidentalis L. Cephalanthus occidentalis common buttonbush Cephalanthus occidentalis L. **   Cephalanthus occidentalis L. Cephalanthus occidentalis common buttonbush Cephalanthus occidentalis L. **   Tall Shrub
0.5 %
1       -none-
14 Nyssa aquatica L. Nyssa aquatica L. Nyssa aquatica water tupelo Nyssa aquatica L. **   Nyssa aquatica L. Nyssa aquatica water tupelo Nyssa aquatica L. **   Short Shrub
5.5 %
2       -none-
15 Rubus L. Rubus L. Rubus blackberry Rubus L. **   Rubus L. Rubus blackberry Rubus L. **   Short Shrub
0.5 %
1       -none-
16 Itea virginica L. Itea virginica L. Itea virginica Virginia sweetspire Itea virginica L. **   Itea virginica L. Itea virginica Virginia sweetspire Itea virginica L. **   Short Shrub
0.5 %
1       -none-
17 Cephalanthus occidentalis L. Cephalanthus occidentalis L. Cephalanthus occidentalis common buttonbush Cephalanthus occidentalis L. **   Cephalanthus occidentalis L. Cephalanthus occidentalis common buttonbush Cephalanthus occidentalis L. **   Short Shrub
0.5 %
1       -none-
18 Taxodium distichum (L.) L.C. Rich. Taxodium distichum (L.) L.C. Rich. Taxodium distichum bald cypress Taxodium distichum (L.) L.C. Rich. **   Taxodium distichum (L.) L.C. Rich. Taxodium distichum bald cypress Taxodium distichum (L.) L.C. Rich. **   Short Shrub
0.5 %
1       -none-
19 Populus heterophylla L. Populus heterophylla L. Populus heterophylla swamp cottonwood Populus heterophylla L. **   Populus heterophylla L. Populus heterophylla swamp cottonwood Populus heterophylla L. **   Short Shrub
0.5 %
1       -none-
20 Planera aquatica J.F. Gmel. Planera aquatica J.F. Gmel. Planera aquatica planertree Planera aquatica J.F. Gmel. **   Planera aquatica J.F. Gmel. Planera aquatica planertree Planera aquatica J.F. Gmel. **   Short Shrub
0.5 %
1       -none-
21 Fraxinus pennsylvanica Marsh. Fraxinus pennsylvanica Marsh. Fraxinus pennsylvanica green ash Fraxinus pennsylvanica Marsh. **   Fraxinus pennsylvanica Marsh. Fraxinus pennsylvanica green ash Fraxinus pennsylvanica Marsh. **   Short Shrub
0.5 %
1       -none-
22 Fraxinus caroliniana P. Mill. Fraxinus caroliniana P. Mill. Fraxinus caroliniana Carolina ash Fraxinus caroliniana P. Mill. **   Fraxinus caroliniana P. Mill. Fraxinus caroliniana Carolina ash Fraxinus caroliniana P. Mill. **   Short Shrub
0.5 %
1       -none-
23 Acer rubrum L. Acer rubrum L. Acer rubrum red maple Acer rubrum L. **   Acer rubrum L. Acer rubrum red maple Acer rubrum L. **   Short Shrub
0.5 %
1       -none-
24 Quercus lyrata Walt. Quercus lyrata Walt. Quercus lyrata overcup oak Quercus lyrata Walt. **   Quercus lyrata Walt. Quercus lyrata overcup oak Quercus lyrata Walt. **   Short Shrub
0.5 %
1       -none-
25 Ulmus alata Michx. Ulmus alata Michx. Ulmus alata winged elm Ulmus alata Michx. **   Ulmus alata Michx. Ulmus alata winged elm Ulmus alata Michx. **   Short Shrub
0.5 %
1       -none-
26 Saururus cernuus L. Saururus cernuus L. Saururus cernuus lizard's tail Saururus cernuus L. **   Saururus cernuus L. Saururus cernuus lizard's tail Saururus cernuus L. **   Herbaceous
0.5 %
1       -none-
27 Boehmeria cylindrica (L.) Sw. Boehmeria cylindrica (L.) Sw. Boehmeria cylindrica smallspike false nettle Boehmeria cylindrica (L.) Sw. **   Boehmeria cylindrica (L.) Sw. Boehmeria cylindrica smallspike false nettle Boehmeria cylindrica (L.) Sw. **   Herbaceous
0.5 %
1       -none-
28 Mikania scandens (L.) Willd. Mikania scandens (L.) Willd. Mikania scandens climbing hempvine Mikania scandens (L.) Willd. **   Mikania scandens (L.) Willd. Mikania scandens climbing hempvine Mikania scandens (L.) Willd. **   Herbaceous
0.5 %
1       -none-
29 Phanopyrum gymnocarpon (Ell.) Nash Phanopyrum gymnocarpon (Ell.) Nash Phanopyrum gymnocarpon savannah-panicgrass Phanopyrum gymnocarpon (Ell.) Nash **   Phanopyrum gymnocarpon (Ell.) Nash Phanopyrum gymnocarpon savannah-panicgrass Phanopyrum gymnocarpon (Ell.) Nash **   Herbaceous
0.5 %
1       -none-
30 Leersia lenticularis Michx. Leersia lenticularis Michx. Leersia lenticularis catchfly grass Leersia lenticularis Michx. **   Leersia lenticularis Michx. Leersia lenticularis catchfly grass Leersia lenticularis Michx. **   Herbaceous
0.5 %
1       -none-
31 Smilax tamnoides L. Smilax tamnoides L. Smilax tamnoides bristly greenbrier Smilax tamnoides L. **   Smilax tamnoides L. Smilax tamnoides bristly greenbrier Smilax tamnoides L. **   Vine/Liana
5.5 %
2       -none-
32 Smilax bona-nox L. Smilax bona-nox L. Smilax bona-nox saw greenbrier Smilax bona-nox L. **   Smilax bona-nox L. Smilax bona-nox saw greenbrier Smilax bona-nox L. **   Vine/Liana
0.5 %
1       -none-
33 Campsis radicans (L.) Seem. ex Bureau Campsis radicans (L.) Seem. ex Bureau Campsis radicans trumpet creeper Campsis radicans (L.) Seem. ex Bureau **   Campsis radicans (L.) Seem. ex Bureau Campsis radicans trumpet creeper Campsis radicans (L.) Seem. ex Bureau **   Vine/Liana
0.5 %
1       -none-
34 Vitis rotundifolia Michx. Vitis rotundifolia Michx. Vitis rotundifolia muscadine Vitis rotundifolia Michx. **   Vitis rotundifolia Michx. Vitis rotundifolia muscadine Vitis rotundifolia Michx. **   Vine/Liana
0.5 %
1       -none-
35 Tillandsia usneoides (L.) L. Tillandsia usneoides (L.) L. Tillandsia usneoides Spanish moss Tillandsia usneoides (L.) L. **   Tillandsia usneoides (L.) L. Tillandsia usneoides Spanish moss Tillandsia usneoides (L.) L. **   Unknown stratum           -none-
36 Ulmus americana L. Ulmus americana L. Ulmus americana American elm Ulmus americana L. **   Ulmus americana L. Ulmus americana American elm Ulmus americana L. **   Unknown stratum           -none-
37 Viola L. Viola L. Viola violet Viola L. **   Viola L. Viola violet Viola L. **   Unknown stratum           -none-
This table is SORTABLE. Click the headers to sort ascending and descending.

Stratum Definitions:
Stratum Type ?Stratum Base ?Stratum Height ?Stratum Cover ?
Unknown stratum      
Dwarf Shrub      
Emergent      
Vine/Liana     2 %
Canopy   26 m 4 %
Sub-Canopy   19 m 3 %
Epiphyte     1 %
Herbaceous     1 %
Nonvascular      
Short Shrub   0.5 m 1 %
Tall Shrub   5 m 1 %
This table is SORTABLE. Click the headers to sort ascending and descending.
Observation Contributors:
Party ?Role ?
Landaal, Sally Plot author
Community Classification:
More Classification Start Date ? Community AssignmentsContributors
Details 01-Oct-1999
Community Concept ?Class Fit ?Class Confidence ?Community Authority Reference ?Typal ?
CEGL007431       no
Landaal, Sally


Soil Observations:
Soil Horizon ?Soil Depth Top ?Soil Depth Bottom ?Soil Color ?Soil Organic ?Soil Texture ?Soil Sand ?Soil Silt ?Soil Clay ?Soil Coarse ?Soil PH ?Exchange Capacity ?Base Saturation ?Soil Description ?
unknown         Silty Clay                


User Defined Values
No User Defined Data for this plot