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GRSM.261
» Citation URL: http://vegbank.org/cite/VB.Ob.3801.GRSM261
» Citing info
Plot ID Fields: 
Author Plot Code ? GRSM.261
Author Observation Code ? GRSM.261
Location Fields: MAP: Google | Yahoo | TopoZone | MapQuest
Confidentiality Status ? exact location
Latitude ? 35.544452867 º
Longitude ? -83.788240556 º
Author Location ? GRSM -- Big Grill Ridge
Location Narrative ? From Devils Tater Patch, follow Big Grill Ridge southeast about 1/2 mile. The forest transitions into a mix of white and red oak. Plot is in a relatively flat portion just as you come down the ridge.
State or Province ? North Carolina
Country ? United States
Named Places
area|country|territory: United States
region|state|province: North Carolina
quadrangle: Cades Cove
Layout Fields: 
Shape ? Rectangular
Area ? 1000
Permanence ? permanent plot
Environment Fields: 
Elevation ? 1379.21999790359 m
Slope Aspect ? 135 º
Slope Gradient ? 2.5 º
Topographic Position ? Interfluve
Landform ? ridge
Landscape Narrative ? Evidence of castanea debris greater than 40 cm DBH Milium effusum (rare smokies grass) present at 2% in plot. -- Upper ridge dominated by Kalmia/Quercus/Acer forest. Lower ridge has a heavy Rubus component.
Hydrologic Regime ? Upland
Soil Depth ? 0 m
Percent Bedrock ? 0 %
Percent Rock / Gravel ? 0 %
Percent Wood ? 10 %
Percent Litter ? 30 %
Percent Bare Soil ? 0 %
Percent Water ? 0 %
Percent Other ? 0 %
Methods Fields: 
Observation Start Date ? 06-Aug-1998
Observation End Date ? 06-Aug-1998
Project ? Great Smoky Mountains National Park
Cover Method ? NPS CoverMethod
Stratum Method ? National Park Service
Stem Size Limit ? 10 cm
Taxon Observation Area ? 1000
Cover Dispersion ? contiguous
Overall Taxon Cover Values are Automatically Calculated? ? no
Stem Sample Method ? full census
Plot Quality Fields: 
Effort Level ? Thorough
Plot Validation Level ? (2) classification plot: sufficient for inclusion in a classification revision
Floristic Quality ? High but incomplete
Bryophyte Quality ? Very incomplete
Lichen Quality ? Very incomplete
Overall Plot Vegetation Fields: 
--no data--
Misc Fields: 
--no data--
Taxa occurring on this plot-observation
Change plant label:
Change Strata Shown:
ord Author Plant Name ?Original Interpretation, full Scientific Name ?Original Interpretation, Scientific Name without authors ?Original Interpretation, Common Name ?Original Interpretation, USDA Code ?Current Interpretation, full Scientific Name ?Current Interpretation, Scientific Name without authors ?Current Interpretation, Common Name ?Current Interpretation, USDA Code ? Stratum ?Cover ?Original Cover Code ?Basal Area ?Biomass ?Inference Area ? Stems: Stem Diameters (graphically):
1 Quercus alba L. Quercus alba L. Quercus alba white oak Quercus alba L. **   Quercus alba L. Quercus alba white oak Quercus alba L. **   Canopy
62.5 %
05       -none-
2 Quercus rubra L. Quercus rubra L. Quercus rubra northern red oak Quercus rubra L. **   Quercus rubra L. Quercus rubra northern red oak Quercus rubra L. **   Canopy
17.5 %
03       -none-
3 Acer rubrum L. Acer rubrum L. Acer rubrum red maple Acer rubrum L. **   Acer rubrum L. Acer rubrum red maple Acer rubrum L. **   Canopy
1.5 %
02       -none-
4 Betula alleghaniensis Britt. Betula alleghaniensis Britt. Betula alleghaniensis yellow birch Betula alleghaniensis Britt. **   Betula alleghaniensis Britt. Betula alleghaniensis yellow birch Betula alleghaniensis Britt. **   Sub-Canopy
37.5 %
04       -none-
5 Tsuga canadensis (L.) Carr. Tsuga canadensis (L.) Carr. Tsuga canadensis eastern hemlock Tsuga canadensis (L.) Carr. **   Tsuga canadensis (L.) Carr. Tsuga canadensis eastern hemlock Tsuga canadensis (L.) Carr. **   Sub-Canopy
17.5 %
03       -none-
6 Acer rubrum L. Acer rubrum L. Acer rubrum red maple Acer rubrum L. **   Acer rubrum L. Acer rubrum red maple Acer rubrum L. **   Sub-Canopy
7.5 %
03       -none-
7 Magnolia acuminata (L.) L. Magnolia acuminata (L.) L. Magnolia acuminata cucumber-tree Magnolia acuminata (L.) L. **   Magnolia acuminata (L.) L. Magnolia acuminata cucumber-tree Magnolia acuminata (L.) L. **   Sub-Canopy
3.5 %
02       -none-
8 Halesia tetraptera Ellis var. monticola (Rehd.) Reveal & Seldin Halesia tetraptera Ellis var. monticola (Rehd.) Reveal & Seldin Halesia tetraptera var. monticola mountain silverbell Halesia tetraptera Ellis var. monticola (Rehd.) Reveal & Seldin **   Halesia tetraptera Ellis var. monticola (Rehd.) Reveal & Seldin Halesia tetraptera var. monticola mountain silverbell Halesia tetraptera Ellis var. monticola (Rehd.) Reveal & Seldin **   Sub-Canopy
1.5 %
02       -none-
9 Acer pensylvanicum L. Acer pensylvanicum L. Acer pensylvanicum striped maple Acer pensylvanicum L. **   Acer pensylvanicum L. Acer pensylvanicum striped maple Acer pensylvanicum L. **   Sub-Canopy
1.5 %
02       -none-
10 Acer saccharum Marsh. Acer saccharum Marsh. Acer saccharum sugar maple Acer saccharum Marsh. **   Acer saccharum Marsh. Acer saccharum sugar maple Acer saccharum Marsh. **   Sub-Canopy
1.5 %
02       -none-
11 Thelypteris noveboracensis (L.) Nieuwl. Thelypteris noveboracensis (L.) Nieuwl. Thelypteris noveboracensis New York fern Thelypteris noveboracensis (L.) Nieuwl. **   Thelypteris noveboracensis (L.) Nieuwl. Thelypteris noveboracensis New York fern Thelypteris noveboracensis (L.) Nieuwl. **   Herbaceous
37.5 %
04       -none-
12 Dennstaedtia punctilobula (Michx.) T. Moore Dennstaedtia punctilobula (Michx.) T. Moore Dennstaedtia punctilobula eastern hayscented fern Dennstaedtia punctilobula (Michx.) T. Moore **   Dennstaedtia punctilobula (Michx.) T. Moore Dennstaedtia punctilobula eastern hayscented fern Dennstaedtia punctilobula (Michx.) T. Moore **   Herbaceous
17.5 %
03       -none-
13 Solidago L. Solidago L. Solidago goldenrod Solidago L. **   Solidago L. Solidago goldenrod Solidago L. **   Herbaceous
7.5 %
03       -none-
14 Milium effusum L. Milium effusum L. Milium effusum American milletgrass Milium effusum L. **   Milium effusum L. Milium effusum American milletgrass Milium effusum L. **   Herbaceous
3.5 %
02       -none-
15 Danthonia compressa Austin ex Peck Danthonia compressa Austin ex Peck Danthonia compressa flattened oatgrass Danthonia compressa Austin ex Peck **   Danthonia compressa Austin ex Peck Danthonia compressa flattened oatgrass Danthonia compressa Austin ex Peck **   Herbaceous
1.5 %
02       -none-
16 Potentilla L. Potentilla L. Potentilla cinquefoil Potentilla L. **   Potentilla L. Potentilla cinquefoil Potentilla L. **   Herbaceous
1.5 %
02       -none-
17 Smilax rotundifolia L. Smilax rotundifolia L. Smilax rotundifolia roundleaf greenbrier Smilax rotundifolia L. **   Smilax rotundifolia L. Smilax rotundifolia roundleaf greenbrier Smilax rotundifolia L. **   Herbaceous
1.5 %
02       -none-
18 Rubus canadensis L. Rubus canadensis L. Rubus canadensis smooth blackberry Rubus canadensis L. **   Rubus canadensis L. Rubus canadensis smooth blackberry Rubus canadensis L. **   Herbaceous
1.5 %
02       -none-
19 Amphicarpaea bracteata (L.) Fern. Amphicarpaea bracteata (L.) Fern. Amphicarpaea bracteata American hogpeanut Amphicarpaea bracteata (L.) Fern. **   Amphicarpaea bracteata (L.) Fern. Amphicarpaea bracteata American hogpeanut Amphicarpaea bracteata (L.) Fern. **   Herbaceous
1.5 %
02       -none-
20 Pycnanthemum montanum Michx. Pycnanthemum montanum Michx. Pycnanthemum montanum thinleaf mountainmint Pycnanthemum montanum Michx. **   Pycnanthemum montanum Michx. Pycnanthemum montanum thinleaf mountainmint Pycnanthemum montanum Michx. **   Herbaceous
1.5 %
02       -none-
21 Pedicularis canadensis L. Pedicularis canadensis L. Pedicularis canadensis Canadian lousewort Pedicularis canadensis L. **   Pedicularis canadensis L. Pedicularis canadensis Canadian lousewort Pedicularis canadensis L. **   Herbaceous
1.5 %
02       -none-
22 Monarda clinopodia L. Monarda clinopodia L. Monarda clinopodia white bergamot Monarda clinopodia L. **   Monarda clinopodia L. Monarda clinopodia white bergamot Monarda clinopodia L. **   Herbaceous
1.5 %
02       -none-
23 Medeola virginiana L. Medeola virginiana L. Medeola virginiana Indian cucumber Medeola virginiana L. **   Medeola virginiana L. Medeola virginiana Indian cucumber Medeola virginiana L. **   Herbaceous
1.5 %
02       -none-
24 Maianthemum racemosum (L.) Link Maianthemum racemosum (L.) Link Maianthemum racemosum feathery false lily of the vally Maianthemum racemosum (L.) Link **   Maianthemum racemosum (L.) Link Maianthemum racemosum feathery false lily of the vally Maianthemum racemosum (L.) Link **   Herbaceous
1.5 %
02       -none-
25 Aster L. Aster L. Aster aster Aster L. **   Aster L. Aster aster Aster L. **   Herbaceous
1.5 %
02       -none-
26 Houstonia serpyllifolia Michx. Houstonia serpyllifolia Michx. Houstonia serpyllifolia thymeleaf bluet Houstonia serpyllifolia Michx. **   Houstonia serpyllifolia Michx. Houstonia serpyllifolia thymeleaf bluet Houstonia serpyllifolia Michx. **   Herbaceous
1.5 %
02       -none-
27 Ageratina altissima (L.) King & H.E. Robins. var. roanensis (Small) Clewell & Woot. Ageratina altissima (L.) King & H.E. Robins. var. roanensis (Small) Clewell & Woot. Ageratina altissima var. roanensis white snakeroot Ageratina altissima (L.) King & H.E. Robins. var. roanensis (Small) Clewell & Woot. **   Ageratina altissima (L.) King & H.E. Robins. var. roanensis (Small) Clewell & Woot. Ageratina altissima var. roanensis white snakeroot Ageratina altissima (L.) King & H.E. Robins. var. roanensis (Small) Clewell & Woot. **   Herbaceous
0.55 %
01       -none-
28 Uvularia sessilifolia L. Uvularia sessilifolia L. Uvularia sessilifolia sessileleaf bellwort Uvularia sessilifolia L. **   Uvularia sessilifolia L. Uvularia sessilifolia sessileleaf bellwort Uvularia sessilifolia L. **   Herbaceous
0.55 %
01       -none-
29 Collinsonia canadensis L. Collinsonia canadensis L. Collinsonia canadensis richweed Collinsonia canadensis L. **   Collinsonia canadensis L. Collinsonia canadensis richweed Collinsonia canadensis L. **   Herbaceous
0.55 %
01       -none-
30 Sassafras albidum (Nutt.) Nees Sassafras albidum (Nutt.) Nees Sassafras albidum sassafras Sassafras albidum (Nutt.) Nees **   Sassafras albidum (Nutt.) Nees Sassafras albidum sassafras Sassafras albidum (Nutt.) Nees **   Herbaceous
0.55 %
01       -none-
31 Agrostis stolonifera L. Agrostis stolonifera L. Agrostis stolonifera creeping bentgrass Agrostis stolonifera L. **   Agrostis stolonifera L. Agrostis stolonifera creeping bentgrass Agrostis stolonifera L. **   Herbaceous
0.55 %
01       -none-
32 Hypericum perforatum L. Hypericum perforatum L. Hypericum perforatum common St. Johnswort Hypericum perforatum L. **   Hypericum perforatum L. Hypericum perforatum common St. Johnswort Hypericum perforatum L. **   Herbaceous
0.55 %
01       -none-
33 Silene stellata (L.) Ait. f. Silene stellata (L.) Ait. f. Silene stellata widowsfrill Silene stellata (L.) Ait. f. **   Silene stellata (L.) Ait. f. Silene stellata widowsfrill Silene stellata (L.) Ait. f. **   Herbaceous
0.55 %
01       -none-
34 Carex appalachica J. Webber & P.W. Ball Carex appalachica J. Webber & P.W. Ball Carex appalachica Appalachian sedge Carex appalachica J. Webber & P.W. Ball **   Carex appalachica J. Webber & P.W. Ball Carex appalachica Appalachian sedge Carex appalachica J. Webber & P.W. Ball **   Herbaceous
0.55 %
01       -none-
35 Smilax herbacea L. Smilax herbacea L. Smilax herbacea smooth carrionflower Smilax herbacea L. **   Smilax herbacea L. Smilax herbacea smooth carrionflower Smilax herbacea L. **   Herbaceous
0.55 %
01       -none-
36 Houstonia purpurea L. var. purpurea Houstonia purpurea L. var. purpurea Houstonia purpurea var. purpurea Venus' pride Houstonia purpurea L. var. purpurea **   Houstonia purpurea L. var. purpurea Houstonia purpurea var. purpurea Venus' pride Houstonia purpurea L. var. purpurea **   Herbaceous
0.55 %
01       -none-
37 Vaccinium corymbosum L. Vaccinium corymbosum L. Vaccinium corymbosum highbush blueberry Vaccinium corymbosum L. **   Vaccinium corymbosum L. Vaccinium corymbosum highbush blueberry Vaccinium corymbosum L. **   Herbaceous
0.55 %
01       -none-
38 Viola hastata Michx. Viola hastata Michx. Viola hastata halberdleaf yellow violet Viola hastata Michx. **   Viola hastata Michx. Viola hastata halberdleaf yellow violet Viola hastata Michx. **   Herbaceous
0.55 %
01       -none-
39 Prenanthes L. Prenanthes L. Prenanthes rattlesnakeroot Prenanthes L. **   Prenanthes L. Prenanthes rattlesnakeroot Prenanthes L. **   Herbaceous
0.55 %
01       -none-
40 Melampyrum lineare Desr. Melampyrum lineare Desr. Melampyrum lineare narrowleaf cowwheat Melampyrum lineare Desr. **   Melampyrum lineare Desr. Melampyrum lineare narrowleaf cowwheat Melampyrum lineare Desr. **   Herbaceous
0.55 %
01       -none-
41 Aster divaricatus L. Aster divaricatus L. Aster divaricatus Aster divaricatus L. **   Aster divaricatus L. **   Aster divaricatus L. Aster divaricatus Aster divaricatus L. **   Aster divaricatus L. **   Herbaceous
0.55 %
01       -none-
42 Hieracium paniculatum L. Hieracium paniculatum L. Hieracium paniculatum Allegheny hawkweed Hieracium paniculatum L. **   Hieracium paniculatum L. Hieracium paniculatum Allegheny hawkweed Hieracium paniculatum L. **   Herbaceous
0.55 %
01       -none-
43 Thalictrum dioicum L. Thalictrum dioicum L. Thalictrum dioicum early meadow-rue Thalictrum dioicum L. **   Thalictrum dioicum L. Thalictrum dioicum early meadow-rue Thalictrum dioicum L. **   Herbaceous
0.55 %
01       -none-
44 Geranium maculatum L. Geranium maculatum L. Geranium maculatum spotted geranium Geranium maculatum L. **   Geranium maculatum L. Geranium maculatum spotted geranium Geranium maculatum L. **   Herbaceous
0.55 %
01       -none-
45 Viola cucullata Ait. Viola cucullata Ait. Viola cucullata marsh blue violet Viola cucullata Ait. **   Viola cucullata Ait. Viola cucullata marsh blue violet Viola cucullata Ait. **   Herbaceous
0.55 %
01       -none-
46 Eupatorium steelei E. Lamont Eupatorium steelei E. Lamont Eupatorium steelei Steele's eupatorium Eupatorium steelei E. Lamont **   Eupatorium steelei E. Lamont Eupatorium steelei Steele's eupatorium Eupatorium steelei E. Lamont **   Herbaceous
0.55 %
01       -none-
47 Lysimachia quadrifolia L. Lysimachia quadrifolia L. Lysimachia quadrifolia whorled yellow loosestrife Lysimachia quadrifolia L. **   Lysimachia quadrifolia L. Lysimachia quadrifolia whorled yellow loosestrife Lysimachia quadrifolia L. **   Herbaceous
0.05 %
01       -none-
48 Trillium L. Trillium L. Trillium trillium Trillium L. **   Trillium L. Trillium trillium Trillium L. **   Herbaceous
0.05 %
01       -none-
49 Anemone virginiana L. Anemone virginiana L. Anemone virginiana tall thimbleweed Anemone virginiana L. **   Anemone virginiana L. Anemone virginiana tall thimbleweed Anemone virginiana L. **   Herbaceous
0.05 %
01       -none-
50 Luzula DC. Luzula DC. Luzula woodrush Luzula DC. **   Luzula DC. Luzula woodrush Luzula DC. **   Herbaceous
0.05 %
01       -none-
51 Ilex montana Torr. & Gray ex Gray Ilex montana Torr. & Gray ex Gray Ilex montana mountain holly Ilex montana Torr. & Gray ex Gray **   Ilex montana Torr. & Gray ex Gray Ilex montana mountain holly Ilex montana Torr. & Gray ex Gray **   Short Shrub
3.5 %
02       -none-
52 Rhododendron calendulaceum (Michx.) Torr. Rhododendron calendulaceum (Michx.) Torr. Rhododendron calendulaceum flame azalea Rhododendron calendulaceum (Michx.) Torr. **   Rhododendron calendulaceum (Michx.) Torr. Rhododendron calendulaceum flame azalea Rhododendron calendulaceum (Michx.) Torr. **   Short Shrub
3.5 %
02       -none-
53 Vaccinium hirsutum Buckl. Vaccinium hirsutum Buckl. Vaccinium hirsutum hairy blueberry Vaccinium hirsutum Buckl. **   Vaccinium hirsutum Buckl. Vaccinium hirsutum hairy blueberry Vaccinium hirsutum Buckl. **   Short Shrub
1.5 %
02       -none-
54 Carya glabra (P. Mill.) Sweet Carya glabra (P. Mill.) Sweet Carya glabra pignut hickory Carya glabra (P. Mill.) Sweet **   Carya glabra (P. Mill.) Sweet Carya glabra pignut hickory Carya glabra (P. Mill.) Sweet **   Short Shrub
1.5 %
02       -none-
55 Amelanchier laevis Wieg. Amelanchier laevis Wieg. Amelanchier laevis Allegheny serviceberry Amelanchier laevis Wieg. **   Amelanchier laevis Wieg. Amelanchier laevis Allegheny serviceberry Amelanchier laevis Wieg. **   Short Shrub
1.5 %
02       -none-
56 Magnolia fraseri Walt. Magnolia fraseri Walt. Magnolia fraseri mountain magnolia Magnolia fraseri Walt. **   Magnolia fraseri Walt. Magnolia fraseri mountain magnolia Magnolia fraseri Walt. **   Tall Shrub
3.5 %
02       -none-
57 Fagus grandifolia Ehrh. Fagus grandifolia Ehrh. Fagus grandifolia American beech Fagus grandifolia Ehrh. **   Fagus grandifolia Ehrh. Fagus grandifolia American beech Fagus grandifolia Ehrh. **   Tall Shrub
3.5 %
02       -none-
58 Castanea dentata (Marsh.) Borkh. Castanea dentata (Marsh.) Borkh. Castanea dentata American chestnut Castanea dentata (Marsh.) Borkh. **   Castanea dentata (Marsh.) Borkh. Castanea dentata American chestnut Castanea dentata (Marsh.) Borkh. **   Tall Shrub
3.5 %
02       -none-
59 Prunus serotina Ehrh. Prunus serotina Ehrh. Prunus serotina black cherry Prunus serotina Ehrh. **   Prunus serotina Ehrh. Prunus serotina black cherry Prunus serotina Ehrh. **   Tall Shrub
1.5 %
02       -none-
This table is SORTABLE. Click the headers to sort ascending and descending.

Stratum Definitions:
Stratum Type ?Stratum Base ?Stratum Height ?Stratum Cover ?
Canopy 15 m 20 m 60 %
Dwarf Shrub     0 %
Emergent     0 %
Epiphyte     0 %
Herbaceous 0.5 m 1 m 50 %
Nonvascular     0 %
Short Shrub     0 %
Sub-Canopy 10 m 15 m 40 %
Tall Shrub     0 %
Vine/Liana     0 %
This table is SORTABLE. Click the headers to sort ascending and descending.
Observation Contributors:
Party ?Role ?
Patterson, Karen PI
Whited, Mark Field assistant
Zartman, Charles Co-PI
Noel, William Co-PI
Community Classification:
More Classification Start Date ?Classification Stop Date ? Community AssignmentsContributors
Details 17-Mar-2005  
Community Concept ?Class Fit ?Class Confidence ?Community Authority Reference ?Typal ?
Quercus alba - Quercus (rubra, prinus) / Rhododendron calendulaceum - Kalmia latifolia - (Gaylussacia ursina) Forest       no  
Lee, Michael
Details 01-Apr-1999  
Community Concept ?Class Fit ?Class Confidence ?Community Authority Reference ?Typal ?
CEGL007230       no
Patterson, Karen


Disturbance Data:
Disturbance Type ?Disturbance Intensity ?Disturbance Comment ?
unknown   chestnut blight


User Defined Values
No User Defined Data for this plot