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Quercus alba - Quercus falcata - (Carya pallida) / Gaylussacia frondosa Forest | NatureServe Biotics 2019
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Name: Quercus alba - Quercus falcata - (Carya pallida) / Gaylussacia frondosa Forest
Reference: NatureServe Biotics 2019
Description: This oak forest of the unglaciated northeastern Coastal Plain generally occurs on well-drained acidic soils, primarily loamy sands, sandy loams and silty/clay loams. Occasional stands occur on imperfectly drained, alternately wet and dry upland flats with hardpan subsoils. The canopy is dominated by a mixture of oaks, especially <i>Quercus alba, Quercus falcata</i>, and <i>Quercus velutina</i>. Associates include <i>Sassafras albidum, Quercus coccinea, Quercus stellata, Liquidambar styraciflua</i>, and <i>Nyssa sylvatica</i>, with <i>Acer rubrum, Ilex opaca</i>, and <i>Cornus florida</i> often forming a subcanopy. <i>Liriodendron tulipifera</i> may be a canopy component in mature, fire-suppressed stands. Pines such as <i>Pinus taeda, Pinus rigida</i> (in the Inner Coastal Plain of Maryland and the Outer Coastal Plain of the Cape May peninsula in New Jersey), or <i>Pinus virginiana</i> may be present in successional stands. <i>Carya pallida</i> may also be present in the canopy, especially in stands occurring on sandy soils. Other hickories such as <i>Carya tomentosa</i> and <i>Carya glabra</i> are also present in some stands. The shrub layer is well-developed and dominated by the deciduous ericads <i>Gaylussacia frondosa, Gaylussacia baccata, Vaccinium pallidum, Vaccinium stamineum</i>, and occasionally <i>Lyonia mariana</i>. The vines <i>Smilax rotundifolia</i> and <i>Vitis rotundifolia</i> may be important in some stands. The herbaceous layer is generally sparse and characterized by dry-site species such as <i>Pteridium aquilinum, Cypripedium acaule, Chimaphila maculata</i>, and <i>Gaultheria procumbens</i>. 
Accession Code: urn:lsid:vegbank.org:commConcept:34916-{DEC80A95-3E08-476A-9D5D-708BAEB69466}
Plot-observations of this Community Concept: 39
      Party Perspective according to: NatureServe (organization)
Perspective from: 15-Feb-2012 to: ongoing
      Names:   UID: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.689304 NatureServe ExplorerNatureServe Explorer logo
  Code: CEGL006269
  Translated: White Oak - Southern Red Oak - (Sand Hickory) / Blue Huckleberry Forest
  Common: Northeastern Coastal Plain Mixed Oak / Heath Forest
  Scientific: Quercus alba - Quercus falcata - (Carya pallida) / Gaylussacia frondosa Forest
(convergence) and Synonyms:
(similar) Quercus (falcata, alba, velutina) / Gaylussacia baccata - Vaccinium pallidum Forest
(similar) CEGL006269
(similar) Quercus alba - Quercus falcata - (Carya pallida) / Gaylussacia frondosa Forest