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Taxodium distichum / Carex hyalinolepis Woodland |
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Name: Taxodium distichum / Carex hyalinolepis Woodland
Description: This community occurs in narrow bands along the fringes of wind-tidal marshes on the Northwest River and North Landing River in southeastern Virginia, and likely occurs in northeastern North Carolina as well. It also occurs on the Pocomoke River of Maryland, where it is influenced by lunar, rather than wind tides. Substrates are poorly decomposed to moderately decomposed, root-rich peats. These sites are frequently flooded by wind tides or lunar tides and have some standing water throughout the growing season. This community usually develops in narrow ecotones between water-fringing marshes and tidal swamp forests, but may also occur between marshes and upland forests. <i>Taxodium distichum</i> dominates the open to sparse canopy. Other less common tree species may include <i>Nyssa biflora, Liquidambar styraciflua</i>, and <i>Acer rubrum</i>. <i>Fraxinus profunda</i> and occasional <i>Chamaecyparis thyoides</i> also occur in Maryland examples. The sparse to moderately dense shrub layer is dominated by <i>Morella cerifera (= Myrica cerifera var. cerifera), Clethra alnifolia, Rosa palustris</i>, and <i>Toxicodendron radicans ssp. radicans</i>. The herbaceous layer is very well-developed and is dominated by swards of <i>Carex hyalinolepis</i>. Despite the dense growth of this rhizomatous sedge, the herb layer is diverse. Herbaceous species include those more typical of forested swamps, such as <i>Saururus cernuus, Triadenum walteri</i>, and <i>Woodwardia areolata</i>, and those typical of marshes, such as <i>Eleocharis fallax, Typha angustifolia, Panicum virgatum, Leersia oryzoides, Polygonum arifolium, Polygonum punctatum, Osmunda cinnamomea</i>, and <i>Schoenoplectus americanus</i>. Some species, including the dominant <i>Carex hyalinolepis</i>, reach their nodal abundance in the landscape in this community. 
Accession Code: VB.CC.37366.CEGL004654
Plot-observations of this Community Concept: 3
      Party Perspective according to: NatureServe (organization)
Perspective from: 17-Nov-2014 to: 01-May-2019
  • status: accepted
  • This Community's Level: association
  • This Community's Children: [none]
Names:   Translated: Bald-cypress / Shoreline Sedge Woodland
  Common: Bald-cypress / Shoreline Sedge Woodland
  Scientific: Taxodium distichum / Carex hyalinolepis Woodland
  Code: CEGL004654
  UID: ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.688972 NatureServe ExplorerNatureServe Explorer logo