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WICA.57
» Citation URL: http://vegbank.org/cite/VB.Ob.4199.WICA57
» Citing info
Plot ID Fields: 
Author Plot Code ? WICA.57
Author Observation Code ? WICA.57
Location Fields: MAP: Google | Yahoo | TopoZone | MapQuest
Confidentiality Status ? exact location
Latitude ? 43.577977466 º
Longitude ? -103.390922637 º
Author Location ? WICA
Location Narrative ? plot located just north of VP554 (0.5 -1.0 mile morth of south boundary on NPS 5 - plot off to west)
State or Province ? South Dakota
Country ? United States
Named Places
quadrangle: Wind Cave
area|country|territory: United States
region|state|province: South Dakota
Layout Fields: 
Shape ? Square
Area ? 0
Permanence ? not permanent
Environment Fields: 
Elevation ? 1142.6951982631 m
Slope Aspect ? 225 º
Slope Gradient ? 2.5 º
Topographic Position ? Midslope
Landform ? hills
Surficial Deposits ? Alluvial Deposits: Alluvial Fan
Landscape Narrative ? stivi on mid to gentle slopes; agsm on lower slopes, schsco on higher steeper slopes
Representativeness ? Plot is moderately good example of stipa patch although perhaps more agsm than I see in other areas
Soil Drainage ? moderately well drained
Soil Depth ? 0 m
Percent Bedrock ? 0 %
Percent Rock / Gravel ? 0 %
Percent Wood ? 0 %
Percent Litter ? 20 %
Percent Bare Soil ? 5 %
Percent Water ? 0 %
Percent Other ? 0 %
Methods Fields: 
Observation Start Date ? 01-Aug-1997
Observation End Date ? 01-Aug-1997
Project ? Wind Cave National Park
Cover Method ? NPS CoverMethod
Stratum Method ? National Park Service
Stem Size Limit ? 10 cm
Taxon Observation Area ? 0
Cover Dispersion ? contiguous
Overall Taxon Cover Values are Automatically Calculated? ? yes
Stem Sample Method ? full census
Plot Quality Fields: 
Effort Level ? Thorough
Plot Validation Level ? (2) classification plot: sufficient for inclusion in a classification revision
Floristic Quality ? High but incomplete
Bryophyte Quality ? Very incomplete
Lichen Quality ? Very incomplete
Overall Plot Vegetation Fields: 
--no data--
Misc Fields: 
Observation Narrative ? VP555
Taxa occurring on this plot-observation
Change plant label:
Change Strata Shown:
ord Author Plant Name ?Original Interpretation, full Scientific Name ?Original Interpretation, Scientific Name without authors ?Original Interpretation, Common Name ?Original Interpretation, USDA Code ?Current Interpretation, full Scientific Name ?Current Interpretation, Scientific Name without authors ?Current Interpretation, Common Name ?Current Interpretation, USDA Code ? Stratum ?Cover ?Original Cover Code ?Basal Area ?Biomass ?Inference Area ? Stems: Stem Diameters (graphically):
1 Nassella viridula (Trin.) Barkworth Nassella viridula (Trin.) Barkworth Nassella viridula green needlegrass Nassella viridula (Trin.) Barkworth **   Nassella viridula (Trin.) Barkworth Nassella viridula green needlegrass Nassella viridula (Trin.) Barkworth **   Herbaceous
15 %
03       -none-
2 Pascopyrum smithii (Rydb.) A. Löve Pascopyrum smithii (Rydb.) A. Löve Pascopyrum smithii western wheatgrass Pascopyrum smithii (Rydb.) A. Löve **   Pascopyrum smithii (Rydb.) A. Löve Pascopyrum smithii western wheatgrass Pascopyrum smithii (Rydb.) A. Löve **   Herbaceous
15 %
03       -none-
3 Bromus japonicus Thunb. ex Murr. Bromus japonicus Thunb. ex Murr. Bromus japonicus Japanese brome Bromus japonicus Thunb. ex Murr. **   Bromus japonicus Thunb. ex Murr. Bromus japonicus Japanese brome Bromus japonicus Thunb. ex Murr. **   Herbaceous
15 %
03       -none-
4 Bouteloua curtipendula (Michx.) Torr. Bouteloua curtipendula (Michx.) Torr. Bouteloua curtipendula sideoats grama Bouteloua curtipendula (Michx.) Torr. **   Bouteloua curtipendula (Michx.) Torr. Bouteloua curtipendula sideoats grama Bouteloua curtipendula (Michx.) Torr. **   Herbaceous
2.5 %
02       -none-
5 Bouteloua gracilis (Willd. ex Kunth) Lag. ex Griffiths Bouteloua gracilis (Willd. ex Kunth) Lag. ex Griffiths Bouteloua gracilis blue grama Bouteloua gracilis (Willd. ex Kunth) Lag. ex Griffiths **   Bouteloua gracilis (Willd. ex Kunth) Lag. ex Griffiths Bouteloua gracilis blue grama Bouteloua gracilis (Willd. ex Kunth) Lag. ex Griffiths **   Herbaceous
2.5 %
02       -none-
6 Psoralidium tenuiflorum (Pursh) Rydb. Psoralidium tenuiflorum (Pursh) Rydb. Psoralidium tenuiflorum slimflower scurfpea Psoralidium tenuiflorum (Pursh) Rydb. **   Psoralidium tenuiflorum (Pursh) Rydb. Psoralidium tenuiflorum slimflower scurfpea Psoralidium tenuiflorum (Pursh) Rydb. **   Herbaceous
2.5 %
02       -none-
7 Stipa comata Trin. & Rupr. Stipa comata Trin. & Rupr. Stipa comata Stipa comata Trin. & Rupr. **   Stipa comata Trin. & Rupr. **   Stipa comata Trin. & Rupr. Stipa comata Stipa comata Trin. & Rupr. **   Stipa comata Trin. & Rupr. **   Herbaceous
2.5 %
02       -none-
8 Conyza canadensis (L.) Cronq. Conyza canadensis (L.) Cronq. Conyza canadensis Canadian horseweed Conyza canadensis (L.) Cronq. **   Conyza canadensis (L.) Cronq. Conyza canadensis Canadian horseweed Conyza canadensis (L.) Cronq. **   Herbaceous
0.5 %
01       -none-
9 Echinacea Moench Echinacea Moench Echinacea purple coneflower Echinacea Moench **   Echinacea Moench Echinacea purple coneflower Echinacea Moench **   Herbaceous
0.5 %
01       -none-
10 Polygala alba Nutt. Polygala alba Nutt. Polygala alba white milkwort Polygala alba Nutt. **   Polygala alba Nutt. Polygala alba white milkwort Polygala alba Nutt. **   Herbaceous
0.5 %
01       -none-
11 Sphaeralcea coccinea (Nutt.) Rydb. Sphaeralcea coccinea (Nutt.) Rydb. Sphaeralcea coccinea scarlet globemallow Sphaeralcea coccinea (Nutt.) Rydb. **   Sphaeralcea coccinea (Nutt.) Rydb. Sphaeralcea coccinea scarlet globemallow Sphaeralcea coccinea (Nutt.) Rydb. **   Herbaceous
0.5 %
01       -none-
12 Conyza Less. Conyza Less. Conyza horseweed Conyza Less. **   Conyza Less. Conyza horseweed Conyza Less. **   Herbaceous
0.5 %
01       -none-
13 Hedeoma hispida Pursh Hedeoma hispida Pursh Hedeoma hispida rough false pennyroyal Hedeoma hispida Pursh **   Hedeoma hispida Pursh Hedeoma hispida rough false pennyroyal Hedeoma hispida Pursh **   Herbaceous
0.5 %
01       -none-
14 Vulpia octoflora (Walt.) Rydb. var. octoflora Vulpia octoflora (Walt.) Rydb. var. octoflora Vulpia octoflora var. octoflora sixweeks fescue Vulpia octoflora (Walt.) Rydb. var. octoflora **   Vulpia octoflora (Walt.) Rydb. var. octoflora Vulpia octoflora var. octoflora sixweeks fescue Vulpia octoflora (Walt.) Rydb. var. octoflora **   Herbaceous
0.5 %
01       -none-
15 Liatris punctata Hook. Liatris punctata Hook. Liatris punctata dotted blazing star Liatris punctata Hook. **   Liatris punctata Hook. Liatris punctata dotted blazing star Liatris punctata Hook. **   Herbaceous
0.5 %
01       -none-
16 Aristida purpurea Nutt. var. longiseta (Steud.) Vasey Aristida purpurea Nutt. var. longiseta (Steud.) Vasey Aristida purpurea var. longiseta Fendler threeawn Aristida purpurea Nutt. var. longiseta (Steud.) Vasey **   Aristida purpurea Nutt. var. longiseta (Steud.) Vasey Aristida purpurea var. longiseta Fendler threeawn Aristida purpurea Nutt. var. longiseta (Steud.) Vasey **   Herbaceous
0.5 %
01       -none-
17 Tragopogon dubius Scop. Tragopogon dubius Scop. Tragopogon dubius yellow salsify Tragopogon dubius Scop. **   Tragopogon dubius Scop. Tragopogon dubius yellow salsify Tragopogon dubius Scop. **   Herbaceous
0.5 %
01       -none-
18 Polygonum convolvulus L. Polygonum convolvulus L. Polygonum convolvulus black bindweed Polygonum convolvulus L. **   Polygonum convolvulus L. Polygonum convolvulus black bindweed Polygonum convolvulus L. **   Herbaceous
0.5 %
01       -none-
19 Lygodesmia juncea (Pursh) D. Don ex Hook. Lygodesmia juncea (Pursh) D. Don ex Hook. Lygodesmia juncea rush skeletonplant Lygodesmia juncea (Pursh) D. Don ex Hook. **   Lygodesmia juncea (Pursh) D. Don ex Hook. Lygodesmia juncea rush skeletonplant Lygodesmia juncea (Pursh) D. Don ex Hook. **   Herbaceous
0.5 %
01       -none-
20 Opuntia P. Mill. Opuntia P. Mill. Opuntia pricklypear Opuntia P. Mill. **   Opuntia P. Mill. Opuntia pricklypear Opuntia P. Mill. **   Herbaceous
0.5 %
01       -none-
21 Calamovilfa longifolia (Hook.) Scribn. Calamovilfa longifolia (Hook.) Scribn. Calamovilfa longifolia prairie sandreed Calamovilfa longifolia (Hook.) Scribn. **   Calamovilfa longifolia (Hook.) Scribn. Calamovilfa longifolia prairie sandreed Calamovilfa longifolia (Hook.) Scribn. **   Herbaceous
0.5 %
01       -none-
This table is SORTABLE. Click the headers to sort ascending and descending.

Stratum Definitions:
Stratum Type ?Stratum Base ?Stratum Height ?Stratum Cover ?
Herbaceous     0 %
Canopy     0 %
Dwarf Shrub     0 %
Emergent     0 %
Epiphyte     0 %
Nonvascular     0 %
Short Shrub     0 %
Sub-Canopy     0 %
Tall Shrub     0 %
Vine/Liana     0 %
This table is SORTABLE. Click the headers to sort ascending and descending.
Observation Contributors:
Party ?Role ?
Drake, Jim PI
Faber-Langendoen, Don PI
Amato, Diane Field assistant
MacAdams, Amanda Plot author
Community Classification:
More Classification Start Date ? Community AssignmentsContributors
Details 01-Apr-1999
Community Concept ?Class Fit ?Class Confidence ?Community Authority Reference ?Typal ?
Pascopyrum smithii - Nassella viridula Grassland       no
Faber-Langendoen, Don
Marriott, Hollis


Soil Observations:
Soil Horizon ?Soil Depth Top ?Soil Depth Bottom ?Soil Color ?Soil Organic ?Soil Texture ?Soil Sand ?Soil Silt ?Soil Clay ?Soil Coarse ?Soil PH ?Exchange Capacity ?Base Saturation ?Soil Description ?
unknown         Clay Loam                


Disturbance Data:
Disturbance Type ?Disturbance Intensity ?Disturbance Comment ?
unknown   NPS east of plot several hundred meters; crested wheatgrass in adjacent areas raises questions about previous use
Animal, general   bison use area extensively


User Defined Values
No User Defined Data for this plot