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WICA.39
» Citation URL: http://vegbank.org/cite/VB.Ob.4340.WICA39
» Citing info
Plot ID Fields: 
Author Plot Code ? WICA.39
Author Observation Code ? WICA.39
Location Fields: MAP: Google | Yahoo | TopoZone | MapQuest
Confidentiality Status ? exact location
Latitude ? 43.535340503 º
Longitude ? -103.49195655 º
Author Location ? WICA
Location Narrative ? 50m East of VP551 (0.5 - 1 miles north of southern park boundary on 385 east of road
State or Province ? South Dakota
Country ? United States
Named Places
region|state|province: South Dakota
area|country|territory: United States
quadrangle: Wind Cave
Layout Fields: 
Shape ? Square
Area ? 0
Permanence ? not permanent
Environment Fields: 
Elevation ? 1288.38959804165 m
Slope Aspect ? 0 º
Slope Gradient ? 10 º
Topographic Position ? High slope
Landform ? hummock
Landscape Narrative ? schsco located on ridgetops and more northerly aspects that are convex in nature. Sticom/carfil located in adjacent areas on midslopes some more southerly aspexts. popra in more concave areas/ draws
Representativeness ? good for scsco patches but scsco does occur in patches in surrounding areas dominated by poa/psoral
Soil Drainage ? well drained
Soil Depth ? 0 m
Percent Bedrock ? 0 %
Percent Rock / Gravel ? 15 %
Percent Wood ? 0 %
Percent Litter ? 20 %
Percent Bare Soil ? 10 %
Percent Water ? 0 %
Percent Other ? 0 %
Methods Fields: 
Observation Start Date ? 31-Jul-1997
Observation End Date ? 31-Jul-1997
Project ? Wind Cave National Park
Cover Method ? NPS CoverMethod
Stratum Method ? National Park Service
Stem Size Limit ? 10 cm
Taxon Observation Area ? 0
Cover Dispersion ? contiguous
Overall Taxon Cover Values are Automatically Calculated? ? yes
Stem Sample Method ? full census
Plot Quality Fields: 
Effort Level ? Thorough
Plot Validation Level ? (2) classification plot: sufficient for inclusion in a classification revision
Floristic Quality ? High but incomplete
Bryophyte Quality ? Very incomplete
Lichen Quality ? Very incomplete
Overall Plot Vegetation Fields: 
--no data--
Misc Fields: 
--no data--
Taxa occurring on this plot-observation
Change plant label:
Change Strata Shown:
ord Author Plant Name ?Original Interpretation, full Scientific Name ?Original Interpretation, Scientific Name without authors ?Original Interpretation, Common Name ?Original Interpretation, USDA Code ?Current Interpretation, full Scientific Name ?Current Interpretation, Scientific Name without authors ?Current Interpretation, Common Name ?Current Interpretation, USDA Code ? Stratum ?Cover ?Original Cover Code ?Basal Area ?Biomass ?Inference Area ? Stems: Stem Diameters (graphically):
1 Rosa arkansana Porter Rosa arkansana Porter Rosa arkansana prairie rose Rosa arkansana Porter **   Rosa arkansana Porter Rosa arkansana prairie rose Rosa arkansana Porter **   Short Shrub
0.5 %
01       -none-
2 Artemisia frigida Willd. Artemisia frigida Willd. Artemisia frigida prairie sagewort Artemisia frigida Willd. **   Artemisia frigida Willd. Artemisia frigida prairie sagewort Artemisia frigida Willd. **   Short Shrub
0.5 %
01       -none-
3 Gutierrezia sarothrae (Pursh) Britt. & Rusby Gutierrezia sarothrae (Pursh) Britt. & Rusby Gutierrezia sarothrae broom snakeweed Gutierrezia sarothrae (Pursh) Britt. & Rusby **   Gutierrezia sarothrae (Pursh) Britt. & Rusby Gutierrezia sarothrae broom snakeweed Gutierrezia sarothrae (Pursh) Britt. & Rusby **   Short Shrub
0.5 %
01       -none-
4 Cerastium arvense L. Cerastium arvense L. Cerastium arvense field chickweed Cerastium arvense L. **   Cerastium arvense L. Cerastium arvense field chickweed Cerastium arvense L. **   Herbaceous         -1 -none-
5 Bouteloua curtipendula (Michx.) Torr. Bouteloua curtipendula (Michx.) Torr. Bouteloua curtipendula sideoats grama Bouteloua curtipendula (Michx.) Torr. **   Bouteloua curtipendula (Michx.) Torr. Bouteloua curtipendula sideoats grama Bouteloua curtipendula (Michx.) Torr. **   Herbaceous         -1 -none-
6 Lithospermum incisum Lehm. Lithospermum incisum Lehm. Lithospermum incisum narrowleaf stoneseed Lithospermum incisum Lehm. **   Lithospermum incisum Lehm. Lithospermum incisum narrowleaf stoneseed Lithospermum incisum Lehm. **   Herbaceous         -1 -none-
7 Artemisia dracunculus L. Artemisia dracunculus L. Artemisia dracunculus tarragon Artemisia dracunculus L. **   Artemisia dracunculus L. Artemisia dracunculus tarragon Artemisia dracunculus L. **   Herbaceous         -1 -none-
8 Allium cernuum Roth Allium cernuum Roth Allium cernuum nodding onion Allium cernuum Roth **   Allium cernuum Roth Allium cernuum nodding onion Allium cernuum Roth **   Herbaceous         -1 -none-
9 Hedeoma hispida Pursh Hedeoma hispida Pursh Hedeoma hispida rough false pennyroyal Hedeoma hispida Pursh **   Hedeoma hispida Pursh Hedeoma hispida rough false pennyroyal Hedeoma hispida Pursh **   Herbaceous         -1 -none-
10 Schizachyrium scoparium (Michx.) Nash Schizachyrium scoparium (Michx.) Nash Schizachyrium scoparium little bluestem Schizachyrium scoparium (Michx.) Nash **   Schizachyrium scoparium (Michx.) Nash Schizachyrium scoparium little bluestem Schizachyrium scoparium (Michx.) Nash **   Herbaceous
62.5 %
05       -none-
11 Psoralidium tenuiflorum (Pursh) Rydb. Psoralidium tenuiflorum (Pursh) Rydb. Psoralidium tenuiflorum slimflower scurfpea Psoralidium tenuiflorum (Pursh) Rydb. **   Psoralidium tenuiflorum (Pursh) Rydb. Psoralidium tenuiflorum slimflower scurfpea Psoralidium tenuiflorum (Pursh) Rydb. **   Herbaceous
2.5 %
02       -none-
12 Carex filifolia Nutt. Carex filifolia Nutt. Carex filifolia threadleaf sedge Carex filifolia Nutt. **   Carex filifolia Nutt. Carex filifolia threadleaf sedge Carex filifolia Nutt. **   Herbaceous
2.5 %
02       -none-
13 Polygala alba Nutt. Polygala alba Nutt. Polygala alba white milkwort Polygala alba Nutt. **   Polygala alba Nutt. Polygala alba white milkwort Polygala alba Nutt. **   Herbaceous
0.5 %
01       -none-
14 Asclepias pumila (Gray) Vail Asclepias pumila (Gray) Vail Asclepias pumila plains milkweed Asclepias pumila (Gray) Vail **   Asclepias pumila (Gray) Vail Asclepias pumila plains milkweed Asclepias pumila (Gray) Vail **   Herbaceous
0.5 %
01       -none-
15 Bouteloua gracilis (Willd. ex Kunth) Lag. ex Griffiths Bouteloua gracilis (Willd. ex Kunth) Lag. ex Griffiths Bouteloua gracilis blue grama Bouteloua gracilis (Willd. ex Kunth) Lag. ex Griffiths **   Bouteloua gracilis (Willd. ex Kunth) Lag. ex Griffiths Bouteloua gracilis blue grama Bouteloua gracilis (Willd. ex Kunth) Lag. ex Griffiths **   Herbaceous
0.5 %
01       -none-
16 Stipa comata Trin. & Rupr. Stipa comata Trin. & Rupr. Stipa comata Stipa comata Trin. & Rupr. **   Stipa comata Trin. & Rupr. **   Stipa comata Trin. & Rupr. Stipa comata Stipa comata Trin. & Rupr. **   Stipa comata Trin. & Rupr. **   Herbaceous
0.5 %
01       -none-
17 Bromus tectorum L. Bromus tectorum L. Bromus tectorum cheatgrass Bromus tectorum L. **   Bromus tectorum L. Bromus tectorum cheatgrass Bromus tectorum L. **   Herbaceous
0.5 %
01       -none-
18 Aster L. Aster L. Aster aster Aster L. **   Aster L. Aster aster Aster L. **   Herbaceous
0.5 %
01       -none-
19 Gaura coccinea Nutt. ex Pursh Gaura coccinea Nutt. ex Pursh Gaura coccinea scarlet beeblossom Gaura coccinea Nutt. ex Pursh **   Gaura coccinea Nutt. ex Pursh Gaura coccinea scarlet beeblossom Gaura coccinea Nutt. ex Pursh **   Herbaceous
0.5 %
01       -none-
20 Echinacea angustifolia DC. Echinacea angustifolia DC. Echinacea angustifolia blacksamson echinacea Echinacea angustifolia DC. **   Echinacea angustifolia DC. Echinacea angustifolia blacksamson echinacea Echinacea angustifolia DC. **   Herbaceous
0.5 %
01       -none-
21 Liatris punctata Hook. Liatris punctata Hook. Liatris punctata dotted blazing star Liatris punctata Hook. **   Liatris punctata Hook. Liatris punctata dotted blazing star Liatris punctata Hook. **   Herbaceous
0.5 %
01       -none-
22 Astragalus spatulatus Sheldon Astragalus spatulatus Sheldon Astragalus spatulatus tufted milkvetch Astragalus spatulatus Sheldon **   Astragalus spatulatus Sheldon Astragalus spatulatus tufted milkvetch Astragalus spatulatus Sheldon **   Herbaceous
0.5 %
01       -none-
23 Poa pratensis L. Poa pratensis L. Poa pratensis Kentucky bluegrass Poa pratensis L. **   Poa pratensis L. Poa pratensis Kentucky bluegrass Poa pratensis L. **   Herbaceous
0.5 %
01       -none-
24 Potentilla concinna Richards. Potentilla concinna Richards. Potentilla concinna elegant cinquefoil Potentilla concinna Richards. **   Potentilla concinna Richards. Potentilla concinna elegant cinquefoil Potentilla concinna Richards. **   Herbaceous
0.5 %
01       -none-
25 Heterotheca villosa (Pursh) Shinners var. villosa Heterotheca villosa (Pursh) Shinners var. villosa Heterotheca villosa var. villosa hairy false goldenaster Heterotheca villosa (Pursh) Shinners var. villosa **   Heterotheca villosa (Pursh) Shinners var. villosa Heterotheca villosa var. villosa hairy false goldenaster Heterotheca villosa (Pursh) Shinners var. villosa **   Herbaceous
0.5 %
01       -none-
26 Astragalus gilviflorus Sheldon Astragalus gilviflorus Sheldon Astragalus gilviflorus plains milkvetch Astragalus gilviflorus Sheldon **   Astragalus gilviflorus Sheldon Astragalus gilviflorus plains milkvetch Astragalus gilviflorus Sheldon **   Herbaceous
0.5 %
01       -none-
27 Bouteloua hirsuta Lag. Bouteloua hirsuta Lag. Bouteloua hirsuta hairy grama Bouteloua hirsuta Lag. **   Bouteloua hirsuta Lag. Bouteloua hirsuta hairy grama Bouteloua hirsuta Lag. **   Herbaceous
0.5 %
01       -none-
28 Calylophus serrulatus (Nutt.) Raven Calylophus serrulatus (Nutt.) Raven Calylophus serrulatus yellow sundrops Calylophus serrulatus (Nutt.) Raven **   Calylophus serrulatus (Nutt.) Raven Calylophus serrulatus yellow sundrops Calylophus serrulatus (Nutt.) Raven **   Herbaceous
0.5 %
01       -none-
29 Campanula rotundifolia L. Campanula rotundifolia L. Campanula rotundifolia bluebell bellflower Campanula rotundifolia L. **   Campanula rotundifolia L. Campanula rotundifolia bluebell bellflower Campanula rotundifolia L. **   Herbaceous
0.5 %
01       -none-
30 Phlox hoodii Richards. Phlox hoodii Richards. Phlox hoodii spiny phlox Phlox hoodii Richards. **   Phlox hoodii Richards. Phlox hoodii spiny phlox Phlox hoodii Richards. **   Herbaceous
0.5 %
01       -none-
31 Paronychia depressa (Torr. & Gray) Nutt. ex A. Nels. Paronychia depressa (Torr. & Gray) Nutt. ex A. Nels. Paronychia depressa spreading nailwort Paronychia depressa (Torr. & Gray) Nutt. ex A. Nels. **   Paronychia depressa (Torr. & Gray) Nutt. ex A. Nels. Paronychia depressa spreading nailwort Paronychia depressa (Torr. & Gray) Nutt. ex A. Nels. **   Herbaceous
0.5 %
01       -none-
32 Koeleria macrantha (Ledeb.) J.A. Schultes Koeleria macrantha (Ledeb.) J.A. Schultes Koeleria macrantha prairie Junegrass Koeleria macrantha (Ledeb.) J.A. Schultes **   Koeleria macrantha (Ledeb.) J.A. Schultes Koeleria macrantha prairie Junegrass Koeleria macrantha (Ledeb.) J.A. Schultes **   Herbaceous
0.5 %
01       -none-
33 Tetraneuris acaulis (Pursh) Greene var. acaulis Tetraneuris acaulis (Pursh) Greene var. acaulis Tetraneuris acaulis var. acaulis stemless four-nerve daisy Tetraneuris acaulis (Pursh) Greene var. acaulis **   Tetraneuris acaulis (Pursh) Greene var. acaulis Tetraneuris acaulis var. acaulis stemless four-nerve daisy Tetraneuris acaulis (Pursh) Greene var. acaulis **   Herbaceous
0.5 %
01       -none-
This table is SORTABLE. Click the headers to sort ascending and descending.

Stratum Definitions:
Stratum Type ?Stratum Base ?Stratum Height ?Stratum Cover ?
Canopy     0 %
Dwarf Shrub     0 %
Emergent     0 %
Epiphyte     0 %
Herbaceous   0.5 m 50 %
Nonvascular     0 %
Short Shrub   0.5 m 10 %
Sub-Canopy     0 %
Tall Shrub     0 %
Vine/Liana     0 %
This table is SORTABLE. Click the headers to sort ascending and descending.
Observation Contributors:
Party ?Role ?
Reed, Cindy Field assistant
Faber-Langendoen, Don PI
Amato, Diane Field assistant
MacAdams, Amanda Plot author
Community Classification:
More Classification Start Date ? Community AssignmentsContributors
Details 01-Apr-1999
Community Concept ?Class Fit ?Class Confidence ?Community Authority Reference ?Typal ?
Schizachyrium scoparium - Bouteloua (curtipendula, gracilis) - Carex filifolia Grassland       no
Faber-Langendoen, Don
Marriott, Hollis


Soil Observations:
Soil Horizon ?Soil Depth Top ?Soil Depth Bottom ?Soil Color ?Soil Organic ?Soil Texture ?Soil Sand ?Soil Silt ?Soil Clay ?Soil Coarse ?Soil PH ?Exchange Capacity ?Base Saturation ?Soil Description ?
unknown         Loam                


Disturbance Data:
Disturbance Type ?Disturbance Intensity ?Disturbance Comment ?
Animal, general   bison use area
unknown   bison trails throughout this area although non directly in this plot


User Defined Values
No User Defined Data for this plot